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9 National Assessment Governing Board, U.S. Department of Education. (2011). Writing Framework for the 2011 National Assessment of Educational Progress. Retrieved from https://www.nagb.gov/content/nagb/assets/documents/publications/frameworks/writing/2011-writing-framework.pdf
10 Troia, G. A., & Graham, S. (2016). Common core writing and language standards and aligned state assessments: a national survey of teacher beliefs and attitudes. Reading and Writing, 29(9), 1719–1743. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-016-9650-z
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12 Graham, S., Capizzi, A., Harris, K. R., Hebert, M., & Morphy, P. (2014). Teaching writing to middle school students: A national survey. Reading and Writing, 27(6), 1015–1042. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-013-9495-7
13 Ray, A. B., Graham, S., Houston, J. D., & Harris, K. R. (2016). Teachers use of writing to support students’ learning in middle school: A national survey in the United States. Reading and Writing, 29(5), 1039–1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-015-9602-z
14 Bloom, B. S. (1968). Learning for Mastery. Instruction and Curriculum. Regional Education Laboratory for the Carolina and Virginia, Topical Papers and Reprints, Number 1. Evaluation comment, 1, n2.